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London History

London stands on both banks of the River Thames, in the south-east of England. Founded in the time of the Celts and the Romans, the city which was once known as Londinium has grown to become a vast and commerical trade centre. With an area of approximately 720 square miles, it is together with New York and Tokyo, one of the three largest cities in the world.

The city is blessed with its geographical position on the River Thames and is a chief entry point to England from mainland Europe. The London docks are visited by ships from every part of the globe, making London a great distribution centre. Today great lines and modern roads branch out in every direction from London, serving all parts of the United Kingdom. London is also a great financial centre and is home to many of the world's leading banks and insurance institutions.


As well as being the capital of England, London is the seat of government of the United Kingdom- The Palace of Westminister situated on the north bank of the Thames River is home to both the houses of the British Parliament.

Buckingham Palace, the Queen's official residence, is one of many important landmarks found in the capital. London is also a great centre of culture and education. The University of London and its many colleges attract students from all over the Commonwealth and the world. The vast history and culture of the city is visible by its many museums and galleries, containing collections of neverending interest.

London also contains many churches, the majority of which were designed by the architect Sir Christopher Wren following the destruction of the city after the Fire of London in 1666. Two of the country's most famous churches, St Pauls' Cathedral and Westminister Abbey are found in the London region.


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